How To Choose A Scope

Exploring The Rabbit Hole of Optics Selection

January 22, 2021
22Plinkster shooting a brass Henry rifle with a scope

The practical accuracy of a rifle depends on many factors. With Henry guns, the mechanical accuracy of well-made barrels and good triggers already put you a good ways towards hitting your target. You can get even closer to the bullseye with a judicious selection of an optic. Henry rifles are easy to scope: they eject to the side and don’t have bolt handles that could physically interfere with the scope. What you mount depends on the ranges expected and the size of the target. Hunting small game with a .22 LR lever action might require more magnification than going after a hog up close with a .44 Mag.

Depending on the caliber, most Henry rifles achieve between 1MOA and 2MOA with good ammunition. Hypervelocity loads trade off some accuracy for the speed needed for reliable expansion or fragmenting, so let’s assume 2MOA. If the squirrels or rabbits are hunted for meat and headshots are required, that limits the target area to about one inch. The range for shooting squirrels is thus limited to an absolute maximum of 50 yards, and that’s shooting supported, with no wind, and a stationary target. Human eyes can resolve one-inch high-contrast objects at 100 yards, but seeing a gray squirrel clinging to grayish tree bark is very difficult, even at half that distance. Magnification of 8x and higher helps keep the furry target in sight, once it is spotted using binoculars. While quick to point, red dot sights typically don’t magnify the image, and the size of the dot is sometimes big enough to obscure the entire game animal, much less the head. Due to the low contrast of the target and its environment, the illuminated scope reticle is usually a great help, both in separating the reticle details from the background and in sighting with both eyes open.

Reticle design is also important. Simple, robust crosshairs with an illuminated center point are great for reactive shooting, but longer-range drop and wind compensation benefit from more detailed designs. Looking at a rabbit at 150 yards through a scope with a 100-yard zero, you want to be able to calculate how many MOA or MRAD hash marks of drop compensation would be required. With a centerfire rifle, the need for compensation is reduced. With subsonic rimfire bullets shot through a sound-suppressed rifle, the ability to make precise adjustments turns a miss or a graze into a perfect shot. Most scopes have a reticle that stays the same apparent size throughout the zoom range. First focal plane reticle placement zooms the reticle along with your field of view, keeping the measuring features of the reticle constant. While an excellent feature, it requires a more complicated optical design that either makes the scope heavier and more expensive or compromises other optical qualities. The weight, even if not excessive for comfort, makes the rifle more top-heavy and harder to keep exactly upright. For the uses typical of lever-action rifles, the first focal plane ranging advantage is seldom worth the downsides.
Henry Lever Action Magnum Express rifle against a white background

The Henry Lever Action Magnum Express .22 WMR is ready for optics out of the box with a high-comb Monte Carlo stock.

Almost all Henry rifles are drop stock designs (with the exception of the high-comb stocks found on the Lever Action Magnum Express and the Varmint Express), so the eye is naturally lined up with the iron sights. With no bolt handle to interfere with the optic, the lowest possible rings — usually low for 1-inch scope tubes and medium for 30mm tubes — are preferred. Using Talley integrated base and rings also allows keeping the optic closer to the bore line. Depending on the eye relief, the hammer spur may be very close to the optic tube when de-cocked. In order to operate it, use an offset hammer extension. Going to a scope with a large front objective may require both taller rings and an elevated cheek rest over the comb of the stock. Golden Boy rimfire rifles have a greater stock drop than other models, making them less suitable for optics, though mounting a scope is feasible with a cheek rest added to the comb of the buttstock.

Henry Big Boy X Model in .44 Magnum with a scope mountedFixed magnification optics, usually in the 4x-power range, are inexpensive and offer good light gathering power despite the compact size. For example, a 4×32 scope has a clear aperture around 8mm, plenty to cover even the fully dilated human pupil. A 1-5×24 has a significantly impaired light gathering capacity fully zoomed in. However, zoomed out to 1x with reticle illumination turned on, it can function as an improvised red dot even in very low light. Variable optics do offer greater flexibility: a 2-7x scope can be zoomed out for following a moving critter easily hand-held or zoomed in for a deliberate, well-supported long-range shot.  A fixed 4x scope of similar quality will resolve less detail than a 2-7x zoomed all the way to the highest 7x magnification. And the fixed 4x will have less field of view than the variable scope at the widest 2x setting.

At lower magnifications and medium ranges, a scope prefocused at 50 yards (common for rimfire optics) or 100 yards (common for centerfire) will have enough depth of field to show an adequately sharp image at typical hunting distances. As the magnification rises or distances get very short (for tiny rodents) or very far (for larger and more careful varmints like prairie dogs), so does the need for adjustable focus. Scopes in excess of 10x power should have adjustable parallax, both to keep the target in focus and to reduce the point of aim shift from any decentering of your eye behind the objective lens. Why ever pick a scope without parallax adjustment? It’s simpler, cheaper, and lighter. But let’s look at ground varmint hunting as an example. With accurate 22 WMR ammunition and rifles, targets may be engaged out to 150 yards. At that distance, a 4-16x zoomed to maximum magnification gives an adequate sight picture. Military snipers seldom go beyond 10x power, you say? True, but how large is an enemy soldier compared to a groundhog?

At such high magnification, parallax adjustment helps with both focus and keeping the crosshairs in the same plane as the target. Absent of such precise adjustment, a small movement of the eye from the optical center moves the point of aim considerably. The theoretical downsides to adjustable parallax scopes — increased weight and complexity — are easily solved by buying mid-level or better glass.

Specs like magnification, focusing range, field of view, and weight are easy to check and compare. Resistance to flare and contrast is much harder to learn from the specification list, as is the eyebox — the space behind the objective in which the eye can perceive the sight picture despite not being perfectly centered. A high contrast scope with a generous eyebox will be easier and quicker to use in real life. The best way to verify compatibility with your eyes is actually handling the scope in question. Further, a high-end 1-4x scope may resolve as much or more actual detail as a cheap 1-6x at maximum magnification, and would also suffer less from reflections off the rear objective or from flare due to the sun being near the target. With coyotes more likely to be spotted at dusk, light gathering and contrast can make or break the hunt.

Hunter aiming a Henry rifle with a scope from a bipod mount on an African safari

For closer ranges, either for plinking or dangerous game hunting, red dots, holographic sights,  and prism scopes offer more rapid sighting than magnified optics. Unmagnified optics are very useful for teaching new shooters. Not only do they simplify aiming for novices already preoccupied with getting the stance and the safety right, but they also solve the problem of cross-eye dominance that’s fairly common in kids. A left-eye dominant right-handed shooter can still shoot from the right shoulder with a red dot. The same isn’t possible with iron sights.

Red dots offer the best battery life, holographic sights are slightly better for undercorrected vision, and 1x prism scopes give the clearest picture but the shortest battery life and require a more consistent eye position. Prism scopes also work without batteries thanks to etched reticles, but at the cost of reduced acquisition speed. When selecting unmagnified sights, makes sure that they are available with low mounts and come in a compact form: an Aimpoint T2 or similar would work well on a Henry rifle, while an Eotech would not. Prism scopes tend to be more recoil-resistant than refractive scopes, but few of them come in low mounts. While even relatively inexpensive red dot optics have improved greatly, be sure to buy quality for use with the hard-kicking dangerous game calibers!

Do you have some words of wisdom to share when it comes to choosing the right scope to fit your needs? Drop them in the comments below!

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25 Comments
  • Constantine N Economou
    January 22, 2021

    I love scopes on guns

    • Harold Varnet
      January 23, 2021

      What is your recommendation for a scope for one of your new 45-70 rifles?

      • John Pellizzari
        January 23, 2021

        What and where can I get a cheek rest to add to the comb of my rifle stock on my Henry Golden Boy .17HMR?

      • David Pittman
        February 1, 2021

        I have (2) two single shot Henry Rifles what would be the best scopes for them. I use them for deer and hog hunting.

        • Rudy Barnes
          June 26, 2021

          I have a Henry 44 Big Boy just need a hunting scope help me out

  • J G Ferrell
    January 31, 2021

    where in the dallas/Ft. Worth tx. can I find mounts for a 2011 Golden boy S/N 262530. Thanks J

  • Kregg Brandenburg
    February 23, 2021

    I have a henry single shot 357 love this gun but not sure what scope would be good
    And for a reasonable price?
    Please give me a few ideas
    Thanks so very much

    • Rudy Barnes
      June 26, 2021

      I have a Henry 44 Big Boy need a nice scope to hunt deer help me out

    • Frank
      July 10, 2021

      I have one of your 22 lever action rifle’s which mount will work for a scope on it I got some that would not tighten down correctly could you tell me the correct one’s to use thank you

  • Jeronimo Cepero
    March 2, 2021

    I want a repeating rifle with scope.

  • Donna Ratzlaff
    March 6, 2021

    I am 74 years old and have never shot a 22 rifle. I need one with a scope for squirrel hunting and coyote and racoon hunting.
    Based on your recommendation of a lever action Magnum 22 what scope do you recommend?

    • Bill in AZ
      October 12, 2021

      I prefer a compact fixed power 4x scope or a low power variable like a 1-6x or 2-7x. To me the bigger dimension scopes seem out of place on a compact lever-action rifle, If you have to keep cost down a Vortex 2-7 is a decent choice, but you do get better optics (clearer, more repeatable) when you spend more money. In my opinion anything under $100 is just a short time tool waiting to fail. If you can get into a Burris or Leupold (or similar) you are getting quality.

  • Jerry Thompson
    March 12, 2021

    I am lost as what type, brand, size scope to use on my new pump 22 rifle. I am using it to squirrel hunt. The most challenging is hunting in Kentucky just at day light in somewhat dence forest it is hard to see. 200 foot would be a long shot. Can you help in the scope I need.

  • lazaro luna
    March 14, 2021

    Looking for a 225 lever action rifle with a scope on it

  • Nathan Kear
    March 14, 2021

    I inquired a Firefield Agility 1×30 dot sight mini scope, and I have a Henry 22 survival rifle model #H002b. This scope mounts are to big for this gun. Is there a scope mount attachment that I can install to make this scope?

  • Michael Rhamey
    March 17, 2021

    I own an H009 which I want to use mainly for deer. What scope is recommended?

  • david
    April 28, 2021

    is there a red dot mini scope that will fit my henry 22 cal. lever action rifle rail under $100.00

  • Lynn Bailey
    May 8, 2021

    I / We own five Henry’s and are preparing to add a scope to the .44 Mag Rifle .Mount for Rings to Rifle? Henry part number?

    Also do you have ballistic chart(s) for rifle and pistol cartridges?? A current one.

    Thanks for “doing your thing” and building a QUALITY PRODUCT –
    “IN AMERICA”!

    Lynn Bailey A 78 year old Patriot and Veteran’s Advocate. PLEASE DONOT POST MY INFORMATION. I am not a Social Media person!! I deleted my phone number.

  • Chris
    May 11, 2021

    I have a Henry Big Boy and need a scope mount generation 1.
    What scope would you recommend and I would also have to purchase the rings for the mount.

    Thank you!

  • Bernie
    July 25, 2021

    What is a good reflex red dot for my herny frontier with it’s narrow little rail?

  • William Greathouse
    August 4, 2021

    I bought a new golden boy youth lever action 22 for my son. He has to be like daddy so I got to get him a scope . I need everything the base rings and a good scope. What do you suggest I get to make sure he’s happy with his new rifle ? Thank you for a great product and a meaningful experience with my son.

  • AJ_L
    September 13, 2021

    I purchased a Henry X type in .45-70. The model shown on the website is H010x. The Big Boy base fits rifles with the H012 hole pattern per the website. Since my rifle is “H010” I assume this won’t work for me ? Also, is there a one piece mount that will accommodate 30mm main tube scopes ? I’m hoping to outfit this with a 1-6x LPVO and the best choices all seem to have 30mm main tubes. Thoughts ? Thanks.

  • Frank davis
    September 25, 2021

    4 years ago Mounted a Bushnell 4200 Elite 1.25-4×24 IR on my (then New) Henry 45-70 model H010B – GREAT MATCH for WV woods hunting whitetail deer under 100 yards mostly under 60 yards.
    I am considering replacing it with Bushnell Forge 1-8×30 IR. True 1x better for point blank range (under 6 yards) 8x better in a open field where I also hunt in Ohio possible 125 years shot.

    My encounter on a ground set up I used 2 years ago in WV. Deer came from in back of me, I was using anther gun/scope combo and magnification was mistakenly set on 6x -I foolishly did not check (scope was Zeiss Victory HT1.5-6×42) nothing but fur then really fast fur disappearing into thick woods.
    Issue is Forge based on 34mm tube rather than 30mm of the older Elite much larger/heavier scope. Not sure on how it will look and 34mm tube forces slightly higher c/l of reticle on my Henry. Even though I have a leather Tourbon Monti-Carlo on butt stock for scope/eye alignment. I am afraid 34mm tube will Not have as good a cheek weld on stock.

    My old eyes can’t really use iron sights anymore. Otherwise Henry would have no scope. It is a lovely crafted firearm. Says a lot since my other rifles are both walnut stocked; A CZ FS 222 Remington and Weatherby Deluxe in 6.5 Creedmoor.

  • Joe Ard
    October 11, 2021

    Having a hard time getting someone to tell me what a good inexpensive scoop would be to go on my big boy 44 mag any suggestions most of the scoops I find in my price range because I have recently had 4 by pass on my hart and can’t spend but 30 to 60 dollars iv been told will not work on my Henry because of the recall

  • Reed Warren
    October 13, 2021

    Wanting to know what is the best scope for a 44-40 Henry.